Links Between Learner Drivers’ Fear of Driving and Risky Driving Intentions
1Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania
Background. In comparison to EU countries, the number of road traffic deaths in Lithuania is one of the most highest. 260 deaths occured in 2013, while 3654 persons were injured (Lithaunian Road Administration, 2014). Scientists have found that risky driving and emotions are important factors that affect the occurrence of traffic accidents (Begg 2009; Falk, 2010). However, the fear of driving has not received a lot of attention in scientific research so far (Taylor, 2002). Thus, this research aims to find links between the fear of driving and risky driving intentions. Methods. The DCQ (Taylor et al., 2007) is used to evaluate fear of driving that stems from the fear of car accidents and unexpected situations. It also evaluates a social fear of driving and is an instrument to assess expression of risky driving intentions (Parker et al., 1992). Subjects. 240 learner drivers from Lithuania. Findings. Learner drivers’ intention of speeding increases when the fear of driving that stems from the fear of car accidents increases as well. The same applies to the fear of driving that stems from unexpected situations and social driving fear. In addition, when the fear of driving that stems from the fear of car accidents increases, intentions not to maintain a safe distance and dangerous overtaking increase as well. Discussion. The research shows that fear is not a preventive measure to reduce risky driving behaviour.