Reporting of Group-based Behavioural Interventions: a Checklist and Tool for Assessing the Quality of Descriptions
A. Borek1, C. Abraham1, J. Smith1, M. Tarrant1, C. Greaves1
1University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, UK
Background: Comprehensive reporting of group interventions is important for comparing effectiveness, identifying ‘active ingredients’ and replicating interventions. Since group interventions are often inadequately described we developed a checklist for improving reporting. Methods: Based on a review of group-based interventions, and using pre-specified criteria, we identified elements that constitute the minimum content of a good description. Two authors independently coded 55 reports of different types of group interventions, and reliability statistics were calculated. A coding manual was developed to facilitate using the checklist. Findings: The checklist comprises 26 reporting elements related to intervention design, content, participants and facilitators. Inter-rater reliability was acceptable (91% agreement, Kappa=0.82). The frequency and quality of reporting varied considerably, and examples of comprehensive and insufficient reporting will be presented. Discussion: Our checklist can be used alongside other reporting guidelines to ensure comprehensive reporting of group-based health interventions. It can be also used to assess reporting quality.