Resilience During Adolescence: Conceptual Structure and Intervention Opportunities
1RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia
Minimal research has measured well-being and assets that could enhance well-being, particularly during adolescence. The current study had two aims (1) conceptualise and assess an adolescent resilience and well-being model; (2) evaluate a School-Based program guided by the variables within the model. A total of 250 participants aged between 13-16 years completed a questionnaire assessing a wide range of individual and environmental predictors of adolescent resilience. For participants who completed the program, the questionnaire was administered at three stages (n=180; pre-test, post-test, 6 month follow-up). Significant pathways within the model were found for numerous assets. Quantitative and qualitative findings were obtained during the evaluation of the program. Individual factors (i.e. self-esteem and specific coping skills) increased significantly for participants completing the program. Findings from this study have identified factors that could assist in the development of adolescent resilience to stressful life events and enhance well-being. Furthermore, participant feedback has provided guidance on improving the program, which could guide future intervention developments.