Psychosocial Aspects of Religiosity and Spirituality in Relation to Health
1National Institution of Public Health, Prague
Backgrounds: This presentation is based on the assumption that religiosity, and spirituality can with other salutoprotective factors influence physical and psychological health (well-being). Methods: The sample consisted of 278 adults (104 men and 174 women, average age 41,9 years). Mental health was assessed via WHOQoL-Bref, SWLS, PANAS; independent variables were measured via scales: SOC, PSSS, GQ, LOC and lifestyle inventory. R/S were assessed via PCBS, SIBS and DSES. Results: R/S were in some models the specific predictors of subjective quality of life (QoL). Significant linear relations were found between the construct of R/S and life satisfaction. A nonlinear relation was found between R/S and the QoL. The persons with the highest and the lowest extent of R/S had higher QoL than those with the middle extent of R/S. We found connection between the QoL and meaningfulness. We proved significant differences between other variables as to lifestyle indicators, social support, gratitudes, LOC, stress etc. of the persons with higher and lower R/S. Discussion: The relation between R/S and psychosocial variables appears to be a lot more complex even if specific impact of different variables remains unclear. In a sample of Czech population we aimed to find which facets of R/S can lead to well-being improvement. R/S variables are presumed to have small but significant impact on overall well-being.