Reporting Behaviour Change Interventions: the Tidier Interdisciplinary Checklist of the Minimum Recommended Information
M. Johnston10, I. Boutron2, R. Milne3, R. Perera4, D. Moher5,6, D.G. Altman7, V. Barbour8, H. Macdonald9, S.E. Lamb11, M. Dixon-Woods12, P. McCulloch13
1Bond University, Centre for Research in Evidence-Based Practice, Australia
2Université Paris Descartes - Sorbonne Paris Cité, INSERM U738, Paris, France
3University of Southampton, Wessex Institute, England
4University of Oxford, Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, England
5, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Clinical Epidemiology Program
6University of Ottawa, Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine7University of Oxford, Centre for Statistics in Medicine, United Kingdom8PLOS, Carlyle House, Carlyle Road, Cambridge, United Kingdom
9BMJ, London, United Kingdom
10University of Aberdeen, Institute of Applied Health Sciences, United Kingdom
11University of Oxford, Oxford Clinical Trials Research Unit, United Kingdom
12University of Leicester, Department of Health Sciences, United Kingdom
13University of Oxford, Nuffield Department of Surgical Science, United Kingdom14University of Leeds, Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, United Kingdom
15University of Toronto, Women’s College Research Institute, Department of Medicine, Canada
16University College, London, United Kingdom
Background: Reports of interventions, including behavioural interventions, frequently omit essential information, thus preventing intervention uptake. One analysis reported only 29% of non-pharmacological interventions were adequate. We aimed to develop a guide for reporting minimum data across all interventions (drug, surgery, rehabilitation, psychotherapy, behaviour change). Methods: EQUATOR stages for reporting guideline development were followed: 1. item generation 2. two-round international Delphi survey with 74 inter-disciplinary experts; 3. consensus meeting of 13 experts; 4. follow-up iterations and piloting. Results: The resulting checklist identified 12 items: brief name, why (rationale), what materials, what procedure, who provided, how, where, when and how much, tailoring, modifications, how well planned (fidelity assessment), how well delivered (fidelity outcomes). Each item has a brief explanation and inter-disciplinary examples. Conclusions: The TIDieR (Template for Intervention Description and Replication) checklist and guide can be applied to all interventions, as well as control interventions, used by authors to guide intervention report writing and journal editors and reviewers to ensure adequate published intervention descriptions.