Social Embeddedness and Well-being: Moderating Role of MI, age and Gender. the Hunt Study, Norway
M. Lazarewicz1, D. Wlodarczyk1, S. Krokstad2, G.A. Espnes2
1Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
2Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
Background: Social embeddedness is connected with well-being but little is known if experiencing MI, age and gender moderate this relation. Methods: MI-survivors (n=780) and MI-free participants (n=44820) in HUNT Study were followed-up after 10 years. Social embeddedness at HUNT2 (1995-1997) was used as a main predictor. Three positive (self-rated health, positive affect, general life satisfaction) and 3 negative (everyday life impairment, anxiety, depression) well-being indicators at HUNT2 and HUNT3 (2006-2008) were outcomes. Findings: Hierarchical regression revealed that higher social embeddedness predicted higher positive and lower negative well-being indicators both in cross-sectional and prospective analyses. Age moderated some of the relations: a negative relation between social embeddedness and current everyday life impairment and a positive relation between social embeddedness and future positive affect were stronger in older age, while a positive relation between social embeddedness and current self-rated health was stronger in younger age. Discussion: Social embeddedness should be an issue of interventions aimed at well-being improvement both in older and younger adults.