Job Task Characteristics and Motivation Stimulating Physicians’ Work Engagement
1Saint-Petersburg State University, Department of Psychology, Russia
Background: the aim of the study was to investigate the stimulating or deteriorating influence of core task characteristics and intrinsic motivation on employees’ engagement. Methods: participants were 95 physicians. Work engagement was assessed by UWES; motivational aspects were measured by Hackman & Oldham’s JDS and Ritchie & Martins’ Motivational profile. To answer the research questions we used regression analysis as our analytical model to explore the relationship between task characteristics and motivational factors (independent variables) on engagement (dependent variables). Findings: work engagement among practicing doctors and teachers of medical secondary school has different motivational determination. Growth Satisfaction, Skill Variety and Growth Need Strength have statistically reliable influence on work engagement among practicing doctors (R2=0,67). Skill Variety, Knowledge of Results of the Work Activities and Recognition have statistically reliable influence on work engagement among teachers of medical secondary school (R2=0,51). Discussion. The significance of focus on motivational aspects for occupational health prevention will be discussed.