Evaluation of One-year Healthy Hill-walking Program for Japanese Elderly on Mood Alteration and Physical Condition
N. Kawamura1, K. Machida1, H. Ueda2, N. Koseki3
1Oita University
2Sapporo City University
3Kurort Lab.
Background:The aim of this study is to evaluate mood alteration and physical condition through a One-year Healthy Hill-walking Program for retired elderly in Kaminoyama, Japan. This program was designed as health promotion for retired elderly. Methods:Quantitative and follow up study was used for the study. Twenty-three retired elderly (range=59-70) participated in this program as subjects. Mood alteration was measured with MCL-S.2. Physical condition was measured with some questions, constructed by authors. Data were collected on 12-days hill-walking from 2012 to 2013. Participants answered the questionnaire before and after walking, and on the following day. Findings:Pleasantness and Relaxation scores in MCL-S.2 significantly increased after 9 and 6 times of walking, respectively (p<0.05). Anxiety score decreased after 4 times of walking (p<0.05). Waist and knee pain decreased after 6 times of walking (P<0.05). Some elderly commented positive relation between their sleep condition and this walking. Discussion:The elderly was able to promote perception of their mental and physical conditions and motivation for healthy custom.