Intention–behavior Relationship of Social Activity for Post-stroke Patients
K. Konuma1, T. Shimazaki2, Y. Lee3, Y. Teshima1, K. Takenaka2
1Waseda University, Graduate School of Human Sciences, Japan
2Waseda University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Japan
3Waseda University, Graduate School of Sport Sciences, Japan
Background:Post-stroke patients tend to reduce their social activity, which engenders decreased quality of life. This study was conducted to clarify the intention–behavior relationship of social activity of post-stroke patients. Methods:The study was approved by the hospital’s medical ethics committee. As participants, 45 people were included (29 men; mean age:64.2±12.1). Intention was assessed using the Intention of Social Activity Scale.Social activity was measured using the Social Activity Scale before discharge(T1), at 3 months after discharge(T2), and at 6 months after discharge(T3). Changes in intention and social activity were tested with ANOVA. The intention–behavior relationship analysis, using multiple regression analysis, was based on the assumption that intentions are the proximal predictors of subsequent behavior. Findings:Intention showed no change over T3 from T1. However, social activity was reduced over T3 from T2. At T2,intention was a predictor of behavior. However,at T3,intention was not a predictor of behavior. Discussion:At 6 months after discharge,an intention–behavior gap was found. The moderators or mediators in this intention–behavior gap must be examined.