Predictors of Subjective Well-Being Among People Living With hiv in the Netherlands
E. Oberjé1, A. Dima1, A. van Hulzen1, J. Prins1, M. de Bruin1
1University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR), The Netherlands
Background: Health psychology interventions are increasingly expected to improve subjective well-being (SWB), rather than health-related quality of life (HRQOL) only. However, little is known about how SWB relates to HRQOL and other quality of life (QOL) domains among HIV-patients. Methods: HIV-patients treated in the Netherlands completed a cross-sectional survey on SWB (Satisfaction With Life Scale); HRQOL (SF-12); social, financial, sexual, and environmental well-being (WHO-QOL), as well as demographic and clinical characteristics. Exploratory structural equation modeling was conducted in AMOS to predict SWB. Findings: The questionnaire was completed by 191 participants. In univariate analyses, all (HR)QOL domains were significantly related to SWB (range r=.17-.42). Physical health (?=.14; p<.05), mental health (?=.27; p<.01), and environmental well-being (?=.41; p<.01) directly predicted SWB, while financial and social well-being explained SWB indirectly. Discussion: Health psychology interventions among HIV-patients are mostly focused on mental and physical health. To further promote SWB, services should also focus on promoting environmental, financial, and social well-being.