Psychologial Predictors of Unsupervised Walking in Fibromyalgia
M.-A. Pastor1, S. López-Roig1, C. Peñacoba2, Y. Sanz1, A. Lledó1, M. Cigarán2, L. Velasco2, C. Écija2
1Miguel Hernández University, Health Psychology Department, Spain
2Rey Juan Carlos University, Psychology Department, Spain
Background: Regular moderate-intensity walking is recommended for patients with Fibromyalgia. Our aim is to identify the predictors of walking in fibromyalgia patients, using intention and perceived behavioral control (Theory of Planned Behavior: TPB) and taking into account other variables related to the fibromyalgia condition. Methods: 274 Fibromyalgia women completed self-reported questionnaires for the assessment of TPB constructs, previous walking behavior, fear-avoidance, distress, pain intensity and FM impact variables (Time 1) and seven weeks later they repeated the walking behavior assessment (Time 2). Person correlation and multiple regression analyses were conducted. Findings: Intention, perceived behavioral control and fibromyalgia impact in T1 were significantly correlated to self-reported walking behavior in T2, but only perceived behavioral control was a significant predictor (?= .15, p=.03) accounting for 6% of the variance. Discussion: Participants did not act on their intentions in Time 2. To increase the control perception will be more helpful than strengthening intentions. Supported by Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (Grant: PSI 2011-25132).