Do Lifestyle Habits and Self-regulation Predict Changes in Emotional Well-being Among University Students Across Seven European Countries?
1PJ Safarik University in Kosice, Faculty of Arts, Department of Psychology, Slovak Republic
2PJ Safarik University in Kosice, Faculty of Arts, Department of Educational Psychology and Health Psychology, Slovak Republic
Background: The purpose of this study was to test whether lifestyle habits (alcohol consumption, smoking cigarettes, marihuana use and healthy eating habits) and self-regulation skills predict changes in emotional well-being (EWB). Methods: A sample of university students from Slovakia, Lithuania, Hungary, Poland, Bulgaria, Turkey and Czech Republic participated in an online survey at the baseline (n=3560) and the follow up 12 months later (response rate 29%; n=1044; 25.8% males). The administered measures included: AUDIT, items on smoking & marihuana use, the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), the Short Self-Regulation Questionnaire and the WHO-5 Well-being Index. Linear regression was performed to assess the relationship between the life style habits (T2), self-regulation (T2), and changes in EWB (T2-T1). Findings: Healthy eating habits and self-regulation were shown to be a strong positive predictor of an increase in EWB. Alcohol use, smoking and marihuana use were not found predict any changes in EWB . Discussion: This study confirmed a positive role of self-regulation skills and healthy food habits in relation to increases in EWB.