Examining Predictors of Psychological Resilience Behavior in Female Athletes Using the Health Action Process Approach
1J. F. Oberlin University, Graduate School of International Studies
2J. F. Oberlin University, Divisions of Psychology and Education
Background: The increase in female athletic participation has resulted in the emergence of a set of health problems unique to female athletes. This study developed a psychological resilience behavior model (PRBM) that applied the health action process approach (Schwarzer, 1992) to female athletes. Methods: During September–December 2013, the participants, 107 female athletes (mean age = 19.5, SD = 1.2), were asked to respond to a questionnaire comprising question items based on psychological resilience behavior, environment, self-esteem, and competitive performance. Structured equation modeling was used to examine the hypothetical mediation model. Findings: The PRBM results for structured equation modeling indicated that fit indices satisfied statistical requirements (GFI = .90, AGFI = .84, CFI = .92, RMSEA = .08). Moreover, it was found that each pass in the PRBM significantly influenced each variable. Discussion: The findings of this study partially support our hypotheses based on the PRBM. Furthermore, the results suggested that the health action process approach is effective for predicting psychological resilience behavior.