Resourcefulness as a Factor in Recovery From Accident Related Trauma Among Polish Immigrants in Canada
A.B. Wolanczyk1
1Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Warsaw, Poland
Background Psychopathological reactions are common occurrences after accident related trauma. This study intended to find out whether psychological resources can be seen as a factor preventing a Major Depressive Disorder after trauma. Methods 89 immigrants were examined. The average age was 46.6 years. 61% of the group were married. MVA were 80% and work-related 20%. The level of psychological resources of those with MDD diagnosis was compared to those diagnosed with PTSD, anxiety, adjustment and pain disorders. The measure of resources was the 18 scales of the Resourcefulness for Recovery Inventory. The severity of depression was measured by the Beck Depression Inventory II. Findings On every measure of resources those who responded to the accident with MDD had lower scores that those who did not (p = .0001). Among the most important resources seem to be: Hope and Expectations, Self-Responsibility, Positive Emotions. A further finding is that in the group of RRI scales called Health Promoting Factors those with MDD were especially low on the scale referring to Acceptance of Reality. The severity of depression measured by Beck Depression Inventory II was significantly correlated (r = 0,5) with a low level of Fundamental Values. Conclusion Our findings indicate that an adaptive reaction to MVA or work related accidents is associated with a high level of internal resources which are also needed for recovery from post traumatic conditions.