Social Support as a Mediator in the Relation Between Coping Strategies and Emotional Functioning in Patients With Chronic Illness
M. Ziarko1, M. Sienski1, E. Mojs2
1A. Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland
2Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
Chronic illness is a critical life event which requires an individual to adapt to a new life situation. The process of adaptation to the illness may be explained by transactional model of stress. The major open question is if social support (SS) play a role of mediator variable in a relationship between stress coping strategies and emotional functioning in patients with chronic illness. The research group included 647 patients with chronic illness: IHD, DM, RA. Patients were asked to fill out following questionnaires: COPE, CES-D, SWLS, WS. Statistical analyses showed that the patients with chronic illness who scored high in SS are more satisfied with their lives (t=-7,78**;d=1,03) and they are less likely to present symptoms of depression (t=8,13**;d=1,07). Moreover, SS was recognized to be statistically significant mediator in two relationships: relationship between problem-focused coping and life satisfaction (z=5,82;p<0,01;95%CI[0,06;0,15]); relationship between problem-focused coping and depression (z=5,98;p<0,01;95%CI[-0,15;-0,07]). Conducted research provides an evidence that SS play a significant role in the process of coping with chronic illness