Is adolescent´s perceived activity-friendly environment associated with more physical activity and fewer screen-based activities?
AbstractObjectives: An environment perceived as activity-friendly may affect physical activity and screen-based activities in both, positive and negative way, but the mechanisms are not clear. The aim of this study is to explore if perception of activity-friendly environment is associated with more physical activity and less screen-based activities among adolescents. Methods: We collected self-reported data in 2014 within the cross-sectional study Health Behaviour in School-aged Children in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland and Germany (n=13,800, mean age =14.4, 49.4% boys). We explored the association between perceived environment (e.g. “There are other children nearby home to go out and play with.”; “There are playgrounds or parks close to my home where I can play.”; “It is safe to walk or play alone in my neighbourhood during the day.”) with physical activity and screen-based activities using a binary logistic regression model adjusted for age, gender, family affluence and country. Results: We found that a perception of the environment as more activity-friendly was significantly associated with a higher probability that adolescents meet the recommendations for physical activity in the four European countries. Furthermore, we found this perception associated with a lower probability of adolescent’s excessive screen-based activities in these countries. Conclusions: Perceived environment is associated with adolescents’ physical activity and screen-based behaviour. Investments in an activity-friendly environment might help to promote an active life style in adolescence.
Copyright (c) 2017 J. Kopcakova, Z. Dankulincova Veselska, A. Madarasova Geckova, J. Bucksch, H. Nalecz, D. Sigmundova, J.P. van Dijk, S.A. Reijneveld
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.