Health-related quality of life in patients receiving Hymenoptera venom allergy therapy
AbstractBackground: The impairment of the quality of life in patients with hymenoptera venom allergy is a field that has not been deeply investigated yet. In 2002 the Vespid Allergy Quality of Life Questionnaire was developed. Starting from this questionnaire, the development of a disease-specific instrument in Italian language to measure health-related quality of life in patients receiving hymenoptera venom immunotherapy is the primary objective of this study. Methods: The new questionnaire (76 items, 10 sub-scales) is given together with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory form Y (STAI-Y) and the SF-12 Health Survey in order to support the construct validity. The questionnaire was given to 104 patients: 75 male and 29 female, age between 17 and 76, all of them receiving immunotherapy in Feltre, Italy. Findings: Results support preliminary validation of the tool: most of the sub-scales have good internal consistency with alpha range between .60 and .90. The factor validity of the tool has been evaluated. The convergent validity shows that there is a good correlation among the questionnaire sub-scales but there is a low correlation with the other tools: Only social interactions and holidays scales show p-value < .05 with SF12 and STAI-Y1. Discussion: This first contribute suggest that there is a need of this specific measure since it seems different from the measures analyzed by the STAI-Y and SF-12 tools. The new tool may offer a deeper and different view in the interpretation of medical outcomes by hymenoptera venom allergic patients.
Copyright (c) 2017 F. Simioni, L. Simioni, S. Cipolletta, A. Spoto
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.