From enjoyment to physical activity or from physical activity to enjoyment? Parent-child dyadic associations


  • M. Kruk
  • M. Boberska
  • K. Horodyska
  • K. Zarychta
  • A. Luszczynska


Background: This study aimed at examining the patterns of associations between physical activity enjoyment and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity among children and their parents. Using a longitudinal dyadic design and cross-lagged associations we explored if these variables are chained in a specific order. Methods: 879 parents-child dyads participated in the study, at Time 1, whereas at Time 2 (7-8 month follow-up) data from 603 full parent-child dyads were collected. Physical activity scales and Attraction to Physical Activity Scale (CAPA; adult and child versions) were filled out by parents and children at Time 1 and Time 2. Path analysis was conducted, accounting for the stability of the constructs over time, correlations of all Time 1 constructs and covariations between all Time 2 residuals. Findings: Parental liking of exertion and exercise (T1) explained parents moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (T2) and child’s liking of exertion and exercise (T1), explained child’s moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (T2) whereas child importance of exercise (T1) predicted children’s moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (T2). Conclusions: The study provides an insight into the beneficial effects of attraction to physical activity (accounting for liking exercise and importance of exercise) for physical activity among children and their parents.





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