From enjoyment to physical activity or from physical activity to enjoyment? Parent-child dyadic associations
AbstractBackground: This study aimed at examining the patterns of associations between physical activity enjoyment and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity among children and their parents. Using a longitudinal dyadic design and cross-lagged associations we explored if these variables are chained in a specific order. Methods: 879 parents-child dyads participated in the study, at Time 1, whereas at Time 2 (7-8 month follow-up) data from 603 full parent-child dyads were collected. Physical activity scales and Attraction to Physical Activity Scale (CAPA; adult and child versions) were filled out by parents and children at Time 1 and Time 2. Path analysis was conducted, accounting for the stability of the constructs over time, correlations of all Time 1 constructs and covariations between all Time 2 residuals. Findings: Parental liking of exertion and exercise (T1) explained parents moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (T2) and child’s liking of exertion and exercise (T1), explained child’s moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (T2) whereas child importance of exercise (T1) predicted children’s moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (T2). Conclusions: The study provides an insight into the beneficial effects of attraction to physical activity (accounting for liking exercise and importance of exercise) for physical activity among children and their parents.
Copyright (c) 2017 M. Kruk, M. Boberska, K. Horodyska, K. Zarychta, A. Luszczynska
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